||The following is an excerpt from: "Can Moshing Be Made Safer?" which originally appeared in the Third Annual Rock Concert Safety Survey Report published by Crowd Management Strategies in February 1995. The moshing guidelines were introduced in 1994 by Paul Wertheimer at the International Association of Assembly Managers' International Crowd Management Conference in Seattle, Washington, USA.|
|"Paul Wertheimer is like the Ralph Nader of moshing."|
|--ABC News 20/20|
Current trends show moshing environments too often are allowed to become places of wanton recklessness and violence. That is why today's mosh pits cannot be guaranteed safe for the people who mosh, or for those on the perimeter of the mosh pit.
|"There already is at least one very good, very basic set of guidelines for mosh-pit safety; Paul Wertheimer of Chicago-based Crowd Management Strategies released it in February 1995 as part of CMS' 'Third Annual Rock Concert Safety Survey Report'".|
|Dave Ferman, Fort Worth Star-Telegram,|
Crowd Management Strategies has studied moshing for two and a half years and developed what it calls "mosher-friendly" guidelines. The founder and head of the firm, Paul Wertheimer has spent more than 48 hours in active mosh pits from Seattle
|"Wertheimer, meanwhile, has developed a list of safety guidelines, many of which are used at Kiel [Ampitheater, St. Louis, Missouri]."|
|Stu Durando, St. Louis Post-Dispatch,|
The following "mosher-friendly" techniques, the first of their kind to be formerly put forward, are offered as a point of embarkation for those responsible for establishing safe concert environments for pop fans. These recommendations, in many cases, are relevant for both indoor and outdoor moshing.
Each venue must review its moshing safety procedures in the most serious light. Local safety and enforcement officials should consider allowing moshing only when venues, promoters and performers can prove that substantive precautions have been taken to protect the safety of the public.
|The following "mosher-friendly" techniques, if followed, can help to prevent deaths and injuries that can be suffered by fans:
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